Jubaea chilensis Image
Jubaea chilensis
Copyright © Phil Markey

Jubaea chilensis

Family: Arecaceae    Palma

Nome comune: Chilean Wine Palm

Sinonimia scientifica:
Palma chilensis, Cocos chilensis, Molinaea micrococo, Micrococos chilensis, Jubaea spectabilis

Comune sinonimia:
Chilean cocopalm, Coquito palm, Honey palm, Syrup palm, Wine palm. French: Cocotier du Chili. German: Chilenische Honigpalme, Honigpalme. Italian: Iubea. Spanish: Coco de Chile, Palmera coquito, Palmera del vino

Freddo zona di robustezza: 7b     Mostra il Regno Unito e la zona di mappe degli Stati Uniti

A solitary, massive, moderately slow growing, monoecious palm. Common in cultivation, scarce in the wild. It has a smooth, dark-grey trunk, 24.5 m. (80 ft.) tall, 183 cm. (72 inch) diameter with diamond-shaped leaf scars, and large segmented, pinnate (feather) leaves, 3.7 m. (12 ft.) long, 1.2 m. (4 ft.) wide, dull green above and, greyish green beneath.

Not recommended for hot, humid climates, it grows slow, is never as large or beautiful, and tends to die out because of year-round high heat and humidity. It much prefers cooler climates.

Jubaea chilensis can tolerate freezing temperatures to about -15°C (5°F). It naturally occurs in open, sun exposed, montane or lowland hilly locations, and should be planted to maximise sunshine exposure. Under extreme freezing conditions we recommend you keep this palm as dry as possible, which will usually mean constructing a glass or plastic roof over the plant to keep rain off. Any cover placed over this palm during times of rain or during cold nights must be removed or vented during hours of sunshine or the plant could be severely heat exhausted.

Informazioni generali:
Native to Chile, growing naturally on sides of ravines and ridges in dry scrubby woodland up to 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) above sea level in its natural habitat. The tree does not flower until it is roughly 50 years old. At this time the trunk starts to narrow by half its original girth to form a wine-bottle shape to the trunk. The tree in the photo was taken in Torquay England and is now just at the age to start reproduction.

Distribuzione:

Originaria, Chile

Formerly more common in Chile between 32° and 35°S but now confined to a few remnant populations, principally La Campana National Park and near Cocalán.

Località: Chile (-34.359158°N, -71.147461°E)

Osservazioni
Mappa non può rappresentare la distribuzione naturale completo. (Markers, indicano i dati di osservazione).
Jubaea chilensis Sovrapposizione immagine ©2019 Trebrown - No autorizzate ridistribuzione.


Aggiungi il tuo commento su questa specie.

Google

Rigorosa: Copyright © 2019 it.trebrown.com - Jubaea chilensis - Paragrafo di testo, foto e illustrazioni